Neuropathy is a basic term signifying disturbances in the normal performance of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreversible and the treatment is primarily concentrated on avoiding further development of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and in numerous cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent symptoms regardless of treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve involved. Once again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of diabetic neuropathy symptoms Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but most are irreparable. Rigorous control of blood glucose levels to slow the further progression is of vital value. Other treatment is based on the symptoms, like pain is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy might also be due to poisonous result of specific drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, many others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is generally discontinuation of the drug or dose reduction. There might be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by offering pyridoxine together with it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing further development of the nerve damage and other helpful measures to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy.